Alzheimers Disease Research Essay

 

University of perpetual Help System DALTA- Molino CampusMolino 3, Bacoor, CaviteS.Y. 2008-2009 beginning with slight memory loss, followed by losses in the ability to maintainemployment, to plan and execute familiar tasks, and to reason andexercise judgment.Communication ability, mood, and personality may also be affected. Most people who haveAD die within eight years of their diagnosis, although that interval may be as short as oneyear or as long as 20 years. AD is the fourth leading cause of deathin adults after heartdisease,cancer , andstroke.When comparing dementia vs. Alzheimer's disease it is veryimportant to discuss the differences between the two diseases. Although they have manysimilarities, there are a number of differences that must be noted. Alzheimer's disease isdefined as a form of dementia characterized by the gradual loss of several important mentalfunctions. It is perhaps the most common cause of dementia in older Americans, and goes beyond just normal forgetfulness, such as losing your car keys or forgetting where you parked. Signs of Alzheimer's disease include memory loss that is much more severe andmore serious, such as forgetting the names of your children or perhaps where you've livedfor the last decade or two.Another way to compare dementia vs. Alzheimer's disease is torealize that dementia is a medical term used to describe a number of conditionscharacterized by the gradual loss of intellectual function. Certain symptoms, as defined bythe American Medical Association, of dementia include memory impairment, increasedlanguage difficulties, decreased motor skills, failure to recognized or identify objects, anddisturbance of the ability to plan or think abstractly. Yet another way to determine the

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This section highlights some of the groundbreaking research and guidance documents published or presented by Alzheimer's Association professional staff, funded researchers or volunteer science advisors.

 Review of Scientific Evidence Addressing Prevalence, Documented Needs, and Interdisciplinary Research:  Persons in Early Stage Alzheimer’s Dementia (141 pages)
Prepared for the Alzheimer's Association Early Stage Advisory Group by Sandy Burgener, Linda Buettner and collegues
Comprehensive literature review of the scientific literature non-pharmacological interventions for people in Early Stage Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.

 Research Consent for Cognitively Impaired Adults - Recommendations for Institutional Review Boards and Investigators: Consensus Recommendations (5 pages)
Prepared by the Alzheimer's Association  
This paper appeared in Alzheimer's Disease and Associated Disorders July-Sept. 2004. The document contains recommendations that Institutional Review Boards and investigators can use to operationalize the informed consent process for individuals with cognitive impairment.

 Interventions to Improve Quality of Care: The Kaiser Permanente-Alzheimer’s Association Dementia Care Project (8 pages)
Prepared by Alzheimer’s Association Los Angeles chapter staff and Kaiser colleagues 
This paper from the August 2004 American Journal of Managed Care describes an Alzheimer’s Association-Kaiser Permanente joint initiative to improve the quality of dementia care in the Kaiser Permanente Los Angeles area managed care network. The project developed dementia diagnosis and management guidelines for Kaiser physicians, proactively encouraged guideline use, and provided care management support through social workers. Individuals with dementia, their caregivers and Kaiser health care professionals all expressed higher rates of satisfaction with care quality provided by the project.

 Dementia and Serious Coexisting Medical Conditions: A Double Whammy (19 pages)
Prepared by Katie Maslow, M.S.W., Alzheimer’s Association associate director, quality care 
This paper from Nursing Clinics of North America 2004, vol. 39, discusses the widespread occurrence of other serious medical conditions in individuals with dementia; explores how coexisting conditions may worsen cognitive symptoms and create treatment challenges for care professionals and family caregivers; and analyzes the impact of coexisting conditions on use and cost of health care.

 Alzheimer's Disease, the Alzheimer’s Association and Stem Cell Research (1 page)
Prepared by the Alzheimer’s Association
This document was prepared on June 14, 2005 to provide background information and address common questions about stem cell research and Alzheimer’s disease.

 Guidelines for the Development of Community-Based Screening Programs for Cognitive Impairment in Older People (12 pages, guidelines begin on page 6)
Prepared by the Alzheimer’s Association Work Group on Screening for Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer’s Disease 
This paper in the June 21, 2001, issue of Alzheimer Insights, a peer-reviewed online journal, presents the recommendations of independent experts and Alzheimer’s Association senior science and public policy staff on issues and challenges related to community screening for dementia. The guidelines outline 21 questions that must be considered in the design of a community screening program. If many of these questions pose problems, the sponsoring group may wish to consider launching a community education initiative in place of a screening program.

 The Use of MRI and PET for Clinical Diagnosis of Dementia and Investigation of Cognitive Impairment: A Consensus Report   (15 pages)
Prepared by the Neuroimaging Work Group of the Alzheimer's Association
Posted June 1, 2004
This report represents the consensus of 22 independent experts assembled by the Alzheimer's Association on the current value and appropriate use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) in diagnosing Alzheimer's disease and related disorders, tracking disease progression, and monitoring response to experimental treatments. The report also recommends directions for future research.

 End-of-Life Care for People with Dementia in Residential Care Settings  (35 pages)
Prepared for the Alzheimer’s Association by Ladislav Volicer, M.D., Ph.D., School of Aging Studies, University of South Florida, Tampa
The Alzheimer’s Association commissioned this literature review on end-of-life care for nursing home residents with advanced dementia as part of its Campaign for Quality Residential Care. The goal is to document the current state of end-of-life care, provide an evidence base for practice and policy recommendations to improve care, and stimulate further research in this area.

University of North Carolina Institute on Aging's Online Bibliography on Alzheimer's Disease and Dementia in Diverse Populations
Comprehensive online bibliography of the social and behavioral research related to Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia.

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