Book – A written work or composition that has been published – typically printed on pages bound together.
Book citations in MLA 7 style generally contain the author name, book title, publication city, publisher, year published, and the medium of the work (i.e. “Print” for print books).
Citing a book in print
Note: MLA 7 does not require the publisher’s state in a book citation.
Last, First M. Book Title. City of Publication: Publisher, Year Published. Print.
James, Henry. The Ambassadors. Rockville: Serenity, 2009. Print.
Citing a book found in a database
Note: Some ebooks may be available online through your library’s databases.
Last, First M. Book Title. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
Lichter, S. Robert, and Stanley Rothman. Environmental Cancer-A Political Disease?. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 1999. eBook Collection. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.
How to Cite an Encyclopedia in Print in MLA
Be sure to include the name of author (if given), the name of the article, the name of the reference book, the edition, and the year of publication. If the reference book is well known, do not include the publication information.
Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Page(s). Print.
McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. 170-71. Print
Posner, Rebecca. "Romance Languages." The Encyclopedia Britannica: Macropedia. 15th ed. 1987. Print.
How to Cite an Encyclopedia Online in MLA
Last, First M., and First M. Last. "Article Title." Encyclopedia Name. City: Publisher, Year Published. Website Title. Web. Date Month Year Accessed.
McGhee, Karen, and George McKay. "Insects." Encyclopedia of Animals. Washington: National Geographic Society, 2007. Google Books. Web. 2 Jan. 2010.
Hassler, Warren W. "American Civil War." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica Inc., n.d. Web. 2 Jan. 2013.
How to Cite an Encyclopedia on a Database in MLA
Last, First M. "Article Title" Encyclopedia Name. Ed. First M. Last. Vol. Volume. City: Publisher, Year Published. Database Name. Web Date Month Year.
Holmes, Heather. "Advertising of Food" Encyclopedia of Food and Culture. Ed. Solomon H. Katz. Vol. 1. New York: Scribner's, 2003. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 2 July 2010.
Bunson, Margaret R. "Historical Overview." Encyclopedia on Ancient Egypt. 3rd ed. New York: Infobase, 2012. Xii-Xv. Gale Cengage Catalog. Web. 4 Jan. 2013.
Make sure to:
- Choose if the source was published directly online or originally in print.
- Find the date that the article was electronically published.
- For well-known reference works, it is not necessary to include full publication information.
View our visual citation guide on how to cite an Encyclopedia in MLA format.