Write An Essay About Our Country Nepal Flag

Nepali Flag: Information on Flag of Nepal

Flags are an important symbol for any nation. Every country has a flag unique to itself, which is used to represent the country during international events such as Olympics or at international panels like the United Nations. Today, we are going to be talking about flag of Nepal in particular.

Flag of Nepal and its Shape

Flag of Nepal is particularly unique due to its unusual shape. It is the only non quadrangular flag in the entire world. While most flags are either rectangular or square, Nepali flag is made up of two triangular pennants stacked one on top of the other. The shape is often described as “fish-tailed”.

The flag is crimson red with deep blue borders. Two white sun and moon are also found, one on each pennon. The moon is present in the upper triangle while the sun is present in the lower triangle.

The Constitution of Nepal adopted in 1990 contains an exact description on how to draw the flag in Article 5 Schedule 1. This flag has also been often called the “most geometrical flag in the world”

History of Nepali Flag

The original Nepali flag came into use after King Prithvi Narayan Shah who unified all the smaller states in Nepal into a single country. The current modern Nepali flag was adopted in the year 1962 after the formation of a new constitutional government on December 16. Before 1962, the sun and moon in the flag had human faces.

The basic design for the flag is said to have been in use for over 2000 years. The two individual pennants found in the current flag have been in use for over 2 centuries and the current two-pennant model flag has been in use since the 19th century.

Symbolism of Nepali Flag

The current Nepali flag is filled with symbolism. Everything from the colors to icons used in the flag has very particular meanings.

The dominant crimson background of the flag is the national color of Nepal. It represents the courage and bravery of ordinary Nepali people during times of war. The blue borders symbolize peace and unity that the Nepali people value over all else.

The two triangles of the flag are said to represent the great Himalayas, where the country lies. The white sun and moon represent the belief the Nepal will live on as long as the sun and moon are still in the sky. The sun also symbolizes the fierceness of Nepali people and their glory. The moon, on the other hand, represents calmness and soothing.

It is also believed by some that the shape of the flag represents a traditional Nepali pagoda because, if you place a mirror along the flagpole, you will get the image of a pagoda.

The flag of Nepal is a glorious symbol of the brave Nepali people. Its unique shape and appearance makes the flag stand out among the sea of rectangular flags found all over the world. It has and will continue to be a rallying point for all patriotic Nepali living within Nepal and abroad.

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NameNepali Flag, Triangle Flag, Chandra ra Surya
UseNational flag
Proportionsee below
Adopted16 December 1962
DesignA combination of two red pennons (pennants) with the large blue border around the unique shape of two overlapping right triangles: the smaller upper triangle bears the white stylised moon (the rising sun on the horizontal crescent moon) and the larger lower triangle displays the white twelve-pointed sun.

Variant flag of Nepal

UseOld flag of Nepal before 1962

The nationalflag of Nepal (Nepali: नेपालको झण्डा) is the world's only non-quadrilateral national flag. The flag is a simplified combination of two single pennons (the vexillological word for pennants), known as a double pennon. Its crimson red is the colour of the rhododendron, Nepal's national flower, while the blue border is the colour of peace. Until 1962, the flag's emblems, the sun and the crescent moon, had human faces, but were removed to modernise the flag.

The current flag was adopted on 16 December 1962, along with the formation of a new constitutional government[citation needed]. It borrows from the original design, used throughout the 19th and 20th Centuries, and is a combination of the two individual pennons used for more than 2,000 years.[citation needed]


After Prithvi Narayan Shah unified all small principalities of Nepal, the double-pennon flag was adopted. In modern times, the flag's symbolism has evolved to incorporate several meanings. The crimson red indicates the bravery of Nepali people and is the country's national colour and the blue border represents peace and harmony[citation needed]. The triangular shape of the pennons represents the Himalayas.

The inclusion of the celestial bodies indicates Nepal's permanence, and the hope that Nepal will enjoy the same longevity as the Sun and the Moon. Additionally, the stylised moon represents the calm demeanour and purity of spirit of the Nepali people, while the stylised sun represents their fierce resolve[citation needed]. Further, the moon also symbolises the cool weather of the Himalayas, whereas the sun symbolises the heat and the high temperature of the Nepali lowlands (Terai).

Flag layout[edit]

A precise description of the Nepalese national flag in the Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, Article 5, Schedule 1, adopted 9 November 1990.[1]

Aspect ratio[edit]

According to the stated geometric construction law, the circumscribed rectangle has an irrationalratio of:

≈ 1:1.21901033… (A230582).[2] This ratio is the least root of the quartic polynomial[3]

and arises from the addition of the blue border after construction of the red field. The bounding rectangle of the red field alone has the rational aspect ratio 3:4 (=1:1.333…).[1]

Other flags[edit]

  • First flag of Nepal

Incorrect versions[edit]

The shape of the flag of Nepal is difficult to reproduce, and is often used incorrectly. These typically have a white area to make the flag a 3:2 ratio, an example is the Nepalese Flag used at the 2016 Summer Olympics.[4]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

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