Pollution is making our environment not only dirty but also becoming harmful for the people. The effect is posing threat on our survival. We can notice spread litters here and there on the roads, parks and several other public places. These wastes are because of our unintelligent, careless and thoughtless use of food products and other usable things. This makes the public places dirty as well as bad looking for the visitors. Recent survey shows that use of packets food, water bottles have increased at an alarming rate in many countries including India.
The word waste means to use or expend carelessly. There are predominantly two types of wastes- Biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Biodegradable wastes can easily mix with soil whereas non-biodegradable wastes do not mix with soil. Plastic is the best example of non-biodegradable waste. The plastic and its related products do not mix with soil. So we need to convert it again in a reusable form to safeguard soil and animal which eat it because of its hunger. It will better if we reduce the use of plastic products. Recent human lifestyle practice shows that for certain food products its use is still unavoidable e.g. sweets, curd, junk food etc. In many countries including India use of thin plastic bags are banned. But it is not completely discarded by our society. We have to work out more in this direction to check land pollution. We have to reduce the use of pollutants of our daily use.
There are other options of using cloth, newspaper and jute bags to replace plastic bags. But care should be taken to recycle newspaper otherwise it will badly impact trees. Recycle (or Recycling) is only possible with the study of waste management. I think waste management is the today's utmost demand that will save the Earth and generate employment. It is not simple and easy to make win-win situation for waste management and employment generation. But we all need to do much research in this direction. There must be new course in higher level in Engineering and management to boost this as a trade. Social engineering is to be counted upon at highest level in professional course. Government has to invest higher percentage of the yearly budget to generate employment in this field and thus to make this branch of study lucrative. Then propensity towards waste management will automatically catch the height.
Keywords:reuse recycle reduce ,recycled paper, paper recycling, plastic bottles recycling, waste management, how to recycle the waste, e waste disposal,.
Common list of material that can be recycled are plastic bags, newspaper, books, paper cartoon, furniture, magazine, Lead acid batteries, florescent light bulbs, lamps, plastic bottles, pen refill, keyboard, Printer Inkjet Cartridges etc. Besides these there are many industrial products that can be recycled also. The list is big.
Only important thing is that we need to change our mindset for the wellbeing of our society. Our (including school students) duty is also to aware people about recycle, reuse and reduce the material, method and process of keeping our environment clean and healthy.
A Note About Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
By Torran Anderson
Plastic is an amazing, lightweight material that can be made into all sorts of things. But when we use plastic items once and then throw them out, we create a huge amount of waste. People create about 2.6 trillion pounds of garbage each year. That’s heavier than 225 million adult elephants. In the United States, we throw away 250 million tons of garbage every year. That’s enough garbage to cover the state of Texas entirely with trash—twice. On average, each person in the United States makes 4.5 pounds of trash each a day.
Just like Plastic Bottle Scrooge, each of us can make a difference by using good judgement when we buy and discards things.
When we reduce, reuse, and recycle, we:
- Save natural resources
- Save space in our landfills
- Save energy
- Reduce pollution
- Save money
The word reduce means to make something smaller. When we talk about reducing our waste, it means to make a smaller amount of garbage. Reducing can be as simple as using fewer paper napkins at a fast food restaurant. Buying products with less packaging helps us reduce the amount of waste we are creating. As well as composting organic materials instead of throwing them in the trash. Rethinking whether we really need everything we buy helps reduce how much we are consuming. Reduce is listed first in the three R’s because it is the most important one. When we reduce, we keep waste from happening in the first place. It is one of the most effective ways to help conserve our natural resources.
We often use something once and then get rid of it. When we reuse something, we find ways to use it again. Our old clothes, books, and toys could be given away to friends or secondhand stores. Some people are working to upcycle things that used to be thrown in the trash. Upcycling involves turning old materials into something new and even better. An old sheet of bubble wrap could be turned into a purse, or a pile of old license plates could be made into a lunchbox. Instead of throwing things away, we can find fun and creative ways of using them again.
Recycling is just one small part of rethinking how we use our natural resources. Almost half of the things we throw in the landfill could be recycled. Recycling involves taking something old and making it into something new. Materials like paper, aluminum, glass, and plastic can be broken down and built back up to make new products. Some of these materials are recycled into the same material (glass can be made into more glass), while others are made into something different (plastic bottles can be turned into carpeting, Frisbees, and synthetic fleece). When we make items from recycled materials, we use less energy and natural resources than when we make things from scratch. Making products from recycled materials also reduces the amount of air and water pollution we create.
Earth Day was started in 1970 to set aside a day to appreciate and become aware of the environment. We don’t have to wait until April 22nd to celebrate Earth. Every day, we can reduce, reuse, and recycle.