जिन खोजा तिन पाइया, गहरे पानी पैठ,
मैं बपुरा बूडन डरा, रहा किनारे बैठ।
कबीर एक ऐसी शख्शियत जिसने कभी शास्त्र नही पढा फिर भी ज्ञानियों की श्रेणीं में सर्वोपरी। कबीर, एक ऐसा नाम जिसे फकीर भी कह सकते हैं और समाज सुधारक भी ।
मित्रों, कबीर भले ही छोटा सा एक नाम हो पर ये भारत की वो आत्मा है जिसने रूढियों और कर्मकाडों से मुक्त भारत की रचना की है। कबीर वो पहचान है जिन्होने, जाति-वर्ग की दिवार को गिराकर एक अद्भुत संसार की कल्पना की।
मानवतावादी व्यवहारिक धर्म को बढावा देने वाले कबीर दास जी का इस दुनिया में प्रवेश भी अदभुत प्रसंग के साथ हुआ।माना जाता है कि उनका जन्म सन् 1398 में ज्येष्ठ पूर्णिमा के दिन वाराणसी के निकट लहराता नामक स्थान पर हुआ था ।उस दिन नीमा नीरू संग ब्याह कर डोली में बनारस जा रही थीं, बनारस के पास एक सरोवर पर कुछ विश्राम के लिये वो लोग रुके थे। अचानक नीमा को किसी बच्चे के रोने की आवाज आई वो आवाज की दिशा में आगे बढी। नीमा ने सरोवर में देखा कि एक बालक कमल पुष्प में लिपटा हुआ रो रहा है। निमा ने जैसे ही बच्चा गोद में लिया वो चुप हो गया।
नीरू ने उसे साथ घर ले चलने को कहा किन्तु नीमा के मन में ये प्रश्न उठा कि परिजनों को क्या जवाब देंगे। परन्तु बच्चे के स्पर्श से धर्म, अर्थात कर्तव्य बोध जीता और बच्चे पर गहराया संकट टल गया। बच्चा बकरी का दूध पी कर बङा हुआ। छः माह का समय बीतने के बाद बच्चे का नामकरण संस्कार हुआ। नीरू ने बच्चे का नाम कबीर रखा किन्तु कई लोगों को इस नाम पर एतराज था क्योंकि उनका कहना था कि, कबीर का मतलब होता है महान तो एक जुलाहे का बेटा महान कैसे हो सकता है? नीरू पर इसका कोई असर न हुआ और बच्चे का नाम कबीर ही रहने दिया। ये कहना अतिश्योक्ति न होगी कि अनजाने में ही सही बचपन में दिया नाम बालक के बङे होने पर सार्थक हो गया। बच्चे की किलकारियाँ नीरू और नीमा के मन को मोह लेतीं। अभावों के बावजूद नीरू और नीमा बहुत खुशी-खुशी जीवन यापन करने लगे।
कबीर को बचपन से ही साधु संगति बहुत प्रिय थी। कपङा बुनने का पैतृक व्यवसाय वो आजीवन करते रहे। बाह्य आडम्बरों के विरोधी कबीर निराकार ब्रह्म की उपासना पर जोर देते हैं। बाल्यकाल से ही कबीर के चमत्कारिक व्यक्तित्व की आभा हर तरफ फैलने लगी थी। कहते हैं- उनके बालपन में काशी में एकबार जलन रोग फैल गया था। उन्होने रास्ते से गुजर रही बुढी महिला की देह पर धूल डालकर उसकी जलन दूर कर दी थी।
कबीर का बचपन बहुत सी जङताओं एवं रूढीयों से जूझते हुए बीत रहा था। उस दौरान ये सोच प्रबल थी कि इंसान अमीर है तो अच्छा है। बङे रसूख वाला है तो बेहतर है। कोई गरीब है तो उसे इंसान ही न माना जाये। आदमी और आदमी के बीच फर्क साफ नजर आता था। कानून और धर्म की आङ में रसूखों द्वारा गरीबों एवं निम्नजाती के लोगों का शोषण होता था। वे सदैव सामाजिक कुरीतियों के विरुद्ध थे और इसे कैसे दूर किया जाये इसी विचार में रहते थे।
एक बार किसी ने बताया कि संत रामानंद स्वामी ने सामाजिक कुरीतियों के खिलाफ लङाई छेङ रखी है। कबीर उनसे मिलने निकल पङे किन्तु उनके आश्रम पहुँचकर पता चला कि वे मुसलमानों से नही मिलते। कबीर ने हार नही मानी और पंचगंगा घाट पर रात के अंतिम पहर पर पहुँच गये और सीढी पर लेट गये। उन्हे पता था कि संत रामानंद प्रातः गंगा स्नान को आते हैं। प्रातः जब स्वामी जी जैसे ही स्नान के लिये सीढी उतर रहे थे उनका पैर कबीर के सीने से टकरा गया। राम-राम कहकर स्वामी जी अपना पैर पीछे खींच लिये तब कबीर खङे होकर उन्हे प्रणाम किये। संत ने पूछा आप कौन? कबीर ने उत्तर दिया आपका शिष्य कबीर। संत ने पुनः प्रश्न किया कि मैने कब शिष्य बनाया? कबीर ने विनम्रता से उत्तर दिया कि अभी-अभी जब आपने राम-राम कहा मैने उसे अपना गुरुमंत्र बना लिया। संत रामदास कबीर की विनम्रता से बहुत प्रभावित हुए और उन्हे अपना शिष्य बना लिये। कबीर को स्वामी जी ने सभी संस्कारों का बोध कराया और ज्ञान की गंगा में डुबकी लगवा दी।
कबीर पर गुरू का रंग इस तरह चढा कि उन्होने गुरू के सम्मान में कहा है,
सब धरती कागज करू, लेखनी सब वनराज।
सात समुंद्र की मसि करु, गुरु गुंण लिखा न जाए।।
यह तन विष की बेलरी, गुरु अमृत की खान।
शीश दियो जो गुरु मिले, तो भी सस्ता जान।।
ये कहना अतिश्योक्ति नही है कि जीवन में गुरू के महत्व का वर्णन कबीर दास जी ने अपने दोहों में पूरी आत्मियता से किया है। कबीर मुसलमान होते हुए भी कभी मांस को हाँथ नही लगाया । कबीर जाँति-पाँति और ऊँच-नीच के बंधनो से परे फक्कङ, अलमस्त और क्रांतिदर्शी थे। उन्होने रमता जोगी और बहता पानी की कल्पना को साकार किया।
कबीर का व्यक्तित्व अनुकरणीय है। वे हर तरह की कुरीतियों का विरोध करते हैं। वे साधु-संतो और सूफी-फकीरों की संगत तो करते हैं लेकिन धर्म के ठेकेदारों से दूर रहते हैं। उनका कहना है कि-
हिंदू बरत एकादशी साधे दूध सिंघाङा सेती।
अन्न को त्यागे मन को न हटके पारण करे सगौती।।
दिन को रोजा रहत है, राति हनत है गाय।
यहां खून वै वंदगी, क्यों कर खुशी खोदाय।।
जीव हिंसा न करने और मांसाहार के पीछे कबीर का तर्क बहुत महत्वपूर्ण है। वे मानते हैं कि दया, हिंसा और प्रेम का मार्ग एक है। यदि हम किसी भी तरह की तृष्णां और लालसा पूरी करने के लिये हिंसा करेंगे तो, घृणां और हिंसा का ही जन्म होगा। बेजुबान जानवर के प्रति या मानव का शोषण करने वाले व्यक्ति कबीर के लिये सदैव निंदनीय थे।
कबीर सांसारिक जिम्मेवारियों से कभी दूर नही हुए। उनकी पत्नी का नाम लोई था, पुत्र कमाल और पुत्री कमाली। वे पारिवारिक रिश्तों को भी भलीभाँति निभाए। जीवन-यापन हेतु ताउम्र अपना पैतृक कार्य अर्थात जुलाहे का काम करते रहे।
कबीर घुमक्ङ संत थे अतः उनकी भाषा सधुक्कङी कहलाती है। कबीर की वांणी बहुरंगी है। कबीर ने किसी ग्रन्थ की रचना नही की। अपने को कवि घोषित करना उनका उद्देश्य भी न था। उनकी मृत्यु के पश्चात उनके शिष्यों ने उनके उपदेशों का संकलन किया जो ‘बीजक’ नाम से जाना जाता है। इस ग्रन्थ के तीन भाग हैं, ‘साखी’, ‘सबद’ और ‘रमैनी’। कबीर के उपदेशों में जीवन की दार्शनिकता की झलक दिखती है। गुरू-महिमा, ईश्वर महिमा, सतसंग महिमा और माया का फेर आदि का सुन्दर वर्णन मिलता है। उनके काव्य में यमक, उत्प्रेक्षा, रूपक, अनुप्रास आदि अलंकारों का सुन्दर समावेश दिखता है। भाषा में सभी आवश्यक सूत्र होने के कारण हजारी प्रसाद दिव्वेदी कबीर को “भाषा का डिक्टेटर” कहते हैं। कबीर का मूल मंत्र था,
“मैं कहता आँखन देखी, तू कहता कागद की लेखिन”।
कबीर की साखियों में सच्चे गुरू का ज्ञान मिलता है। संक्षेप में कहा जा सकता है कि कबीर के काव्य का सर्वाधिक महत्व धार्मिक एवं सामाजिक एकता और भक्ती का संदेश देने में है।
कबीर दास जी का अवसान भी जन्म की तरह रहस्यवादी है। आजीवन काशी में रहने के बावजूद अन्त समय सन् 1518 के करीब मगहर चले गये थे क्योंकि वे कुछ भ्रान्तियों को दूर करना चाहते थे। काशी के लिये कहा जाता था कि यहाँ पर मरने से स्वर्ग मिलता है तथा मगहर में मृत्यु पर नरक। उनकी मृत्यु के पश्चात हिन्दु अपने धर्म के अनुसार उनका अंतिम संस्कार करना चाहते थे और मुसलमान अपने धर्मानुसार विवाद की स्थिती में एक अजीब घटना घटी उनके पार्थिव शरीर पर से चादर हट गई और वहाँ कुछ फूल पङे थे जिसे दोनों समुदायों ने आपस में बाँट लिया। कबीर की अहमियत और उनके महत्व को जायसी ने अपनी रचना में बहुत ही आतमियता से परिलाक्षित किया है।
ना नारद तब रोई पुकारा एक जुलाहे सौ मैं हारा।
प्रेम तन्तु नित ताना तनाई, जप तप साधि सैकरा भराई।।
मित्रों, ये कहना अतिश्योक्ति न होगी की कबीर विचित्र नहीं हैं सामान्य हैं किन्तु इसी साघारणपन में अति विशिष्ट हैं। हिन्दी साहित्य के इतिहास में कबीर जैसा व्यक्तित्व कोई नही है।
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अनिता जी दृष्टिबाधित लोगों की सेवा में तत्पर हैं। उनके बारे में अधिक जानने के लिए पढ़ें – नेत्रहीन लोगों के जीवन में प्रकाश बिखेरती अनिता शर्मा और उनसे जुड़ने के लिए यहाँ क्लिक करें।
——–कबीर दास जी के दोहे——
—–राजा की परीक्षा | संत कबीर दास प्रेरक प्रसंग—–
We are grateful to Anita Ji for sharing this inspirational Hindi Essay on Sant Kabir Das’s Life in Hindi . Thanks.
Note: 23 June 2013 is being celebrated as Sant Kanbir Das Jayanti.
यदि आपके पास Hindi में कोई article, inspirational story या जानकारी है जो आप हमारे साथ share करना चाहते हैं तो कृपया उसे अपनी फोटो के साथ E-mail करें. हमारी Id है:[email protected].पसंद आने पर हम उसे आपके नाम और फोटो के साथ यहाँ PUBLISH करेंगे. Thanks!
Filed Under: Hindi Essay, हिंदी निबंधTagged With: Anita Sharma, Sant Kabir Das, संत कबीर दास
Kabir Das Jayanti
It is considered that the great poet, Saint Kabir Das, was born in the month of Jyestha on Purnima in the year 1440. That’s why Saint Kabir Das Jayanti or birthday anniversary is celebrated every year with great enthusiasm by his followers and lovers on the Purnima of May or June (Hindi month of Jyestha). In 2013, it was celebrated on 23rd of June, at Sunday.
Kabir Das Jayanti 2015
Kabir Das Jayanti 2015 was celebrated all over the India as well as abroad by his followers and lovers on 13th of June, at Saturday.
Biography of Kabir Das
Kabir Das, a mystical poet and great Saint of India, was born in the year 1440 and died in the year 1518. According to the Islam the meaning of the Kabir is The Great. Kabir Panth is the huge religious community which identifies the Kabir as the originator of the Sant Mat sects. The members of Kabir Panth are known as the Kabir panthis who had extended all over the over north and central India. Some of the great writings of the Kabir Das are Bijak, Kabir Granthawali, Anurag Sagar, Sakhi Granth etc. It is clearly not known about his birth parents but it is noted that he has been grew up by the very poor family of Muslim weavers. He was very spiritual person and became a great Sadhu. He got fame all over the world because of his influential traditions and culture.
It is considered that he got all his spiritual training from his Guru named, Ramananda, in his early childhood. One day, he became a well known disciple of the Guru Ramananda. The house of the Kabir Das has accommodated students and scholars for living and studying his great works.
There is no clue of the birth parent of the Kabir Das but it is considered that he was cared by a Muslim family. He was founded in Lehartara, a small town in Varanasi by the Niru and Nima (his care taker parents). His parents were extremely poor and uneducated but they very heartily adopted the little baby and trained him about their own business. He lived the balanced life of a simple house holder and a mystic.
Kabir Das Teaching
It is considered that he got his spiritual training came from the Ramananda, guru of the Sant Kabir. In the starting Ramananda was not agreeing to accept Kabir Das as his disciple. Once upon a time, Sant Kabir Das had lie down on the ladders of the pond and reading the mantra of Rama-Rama, in the early morning Ramananda was going for taking bath and Kabir come down below his feet. Ramananda felt guilty for that activity and then Ramananda was forced to accept him as his disciple. It is believed that Kabir’s family is still living in the Kabir Chaura in Varanasi.
It is the photo of the Saint Kabir Math in the Varanasi where saints are busy in the singing Kabir Ke Dohe. It is the place of giving real education of life to the people.
Kabir matha is located at the Kabir Chaura, Varanasi and Lahartara, Varanasi in the back passageways. Neeru teela was the house of his parents the Neeru and Neema. Now it has become the accommodation for students and scholars who study Kabir’s work.
Sant Kabir was prejudiced by the existing religious mood of that time like Hinduism, Tantrism as well as the personal devotionalism mixed with the imageless God of Islam. Kabir Das is the first Indian saint who has coordinated the Hinduism and Islam by giving a universal path which could be followed by both Hindus and Muslims. According to him every life has relationship with two spiritual principles (Jivatma and Paramatma). His view about the moksha that, it is the process of uniting these two divine principles.
His great writing Bijak has huge a collection of poems which makes clear the Kabir’s general view of the spirituality. Kabir’s Hindi was a dialect, simple like his philosophies. He simply followed the oneness in the God. He has always rejected the murti pujan in Hinduism and shown the clear confidence in bhakti and Sufi ideas.
He had composed the poems in a concise and simple style resonating the admire for factual guru. After being an illiterate he had written his poems in Hindi mixing with Avadhi, Braj, and Bhojpuri. He was insulted by some people but he never attended.
All the poems and songs credited to the Sant Kabir are existing in the several languages. Kabir and his followers are named according to his poetic response such as banis and utterances. The poems are called variously as dohe, saloka and sakhi. Sakhi means to be memorizes and to remind the highest Truth. The memorizing, performing, and pondering over these utterances comprises for the Kabir and all his followers a way to the spiritual awakening.
Life History of Kabir Das
Siddhapeeth Kabirchaura Math Mulgadi and his Tradition:
Kabirchaura Math Mulgadi is the home, historical work place and meditation place of the Saint-Shiromani Kabir Das. He was the only saint of his type, known as the “Sab Santan Sartaj”. It is considered as, the history of humanity is worthless without Kabirchaura Math Mulgadi just like all the saints are valueless without Saint Kabir. Kabirchaura Math Mulgadi has its own affluent traditions and effective history. It is the home of Kabir as well as the courageous vidyapith for all the saints. The Indian saints of the Madhyakalin India got their spiritual education form this place. It has been proved in the history of human tradition that it is not necessary to go to the Himalaya for the deep meditation, but it can be done by living in the society. Kabir Das himself was the ideal indication of this. He is the real indication of the Bhakti, living together with the normal human being life. He showed the way of free Bhakti to the people instead of worshiping stone. History witnessed that the tradition of here give the reputation and recognition to all the saints.
The used things of the Kabir as well as other saints of his tradition are still kept safe and secure in the Kabir Math. The weaving machine, khadau, rudraksh garland (got from his Guru Swami Ramanand), rust free trident and all the other thing used by the Kabir someday are available at the Kabir Math.
A historical well is here at the Kabir Math, the water of which is considered as mixed with the Amrit Ras of his Sadhana. It was first guessed by the great Pandit Sarvanand from the south India. He came here for arguing with the Kabir and felt thirsty. He drunk water and ask for address of Kabir from the kamali. Kamali told him the address but in but in the form of dohe of Kabir Das.
Kabir ka ghar sikher par, jahan silhili gal.
Pav na tikai pipil ka, pandit lade bal.
He went to the Kabir for arguing but Kabir never accepted to argue and given Sarvanand a written of accepting defeat. Sarvanand returned his home and showed that paper of defeat to his mother and suddenly he saw that the statement was opposite. He was greatly influenced by that truth and again returned to the Kashi to the Kabir Math and became the disciple of the Kabir das. He was influenced by such a great level that he never touched any book in his rest life. Later, Sarvanand became famous as Acharya Surtigopal Sahab. He became the head of the Kabir Math after Kabir.
How to reach:
Siddhapeeth Kabirchaura Math Mulgadi is located in the famous cultural city of the India known as the Varanasi. One can reach to the place by airlines, railway lines or by road. It is located about 18 Km from the Varanasi Airport and about 3 Km from the Varanasi Junction Railway Station.
Kashi Naresh came here to get Pardon:
Once upon a time, the Kashi Naresh, Raja Virdev Singh Ju Dev came at to the Kabir Math with his wife to get pardon by leaving his kingdom. The history is: once, Kashi King called all the saints to his kingdom as he heard much fame of the Kabir das. Kabir das reached there to the kingdom alone with his small water bottle. He poured all the water of the small bottle on his leg, the small amount water started flowing on the ground for long way. The entire kingdom filled with water, so Kabir was asked about that. He said that, a devotee panda, in Jagannathpui, was cooking food in his hut which caught fire.
The water which I poured, was for protecting the hut from being fired. The fire was serious so it was very necessary to get more water from the small bottle. But the King and his followers never accepted that statement and they want the real witness. They thought that the fire was caught in the Orissa city and Kabir is pouring water here in the Kashi. The King sent one of his followers for the investigation. The follower returned and told that all the statement of Kabir was true. The king became very shamed and he and his wife had decided to go to the Kabir math to get pardon. If they will not get pardon, they will suicide there. They got pardon and from that time the King was always united with the Kabirchaura Math.
Samadhi mandir is constructed at the place where Kabir was used to of doing his Sadhana. The travel from Sadhana to Samadhi is complete here for all the saints. Till date, it is the place where saints are feeling the flow of huge energy. It is the worldwide famous place of peace and energy. It is considered that, after his death, people were quarreling of taking his body for the Antim Sanskar. But, when the door was opened of his Samadhi room, there were only two flowers, which were distributed among his Hindu Muslim disciples for the Antim Sanskar. The Samadhi Mandir is constructed using the thick stone bricks of the Mirzapur.
Bijak Mandir at Kabir Chabutara:
This place was the workplace as well as the sadhanasthal of the Kabir das. This is the place where he had given the knowledge of Bhakti, Gyan, Karma and Manavta to his disciples. The place was named Kabir Chabutara. Bijak was the great work of the Kabir Das, that’s why the Kabir Chabutara was named as Bijak Mandir.
Kabir teri jhopadi, galkatto ke pas.
Jo karega so bharega, tum kyon hot udas.
Kabir Das Contribution to the Country
Saint Kabir Das, a Bhakti and Sufi movement saint of the medieval India, is extensively for his Bhakti movement in the North India. His life cycle is centered in the region of Kashi (also known as the Banaras or Varanasi). He was heriditarically related to the weaving occupation and cast of Julaha. His immense contribution towards the Bhakti Movement in India is considered as a pioneered one along with the Farid, Ravidas and Namdev. He was a saint of combined mystical nature (Nath tradition, Sufism, bhakti) which made him of a distinctive religion of his own. He said that the path of sufferings is the real love and life.
In the fifteenth century, all the areas of life of people in the Varanasi were strongly held by the Brahmin orthodoxy as well as learning centers. To make free the people from, Kabir Das had to work hard to preach his idealogy as he belonged to the low caste, Julaha. He never felt difference among the people whether they are prostitutes, low caste or high caste. He preached to all by gathering self and his followers. He was ridiculed by the Brahmins for his preaching activities but he never criticizes them back and that’s why he was much liked by the common people. He started reforming the mind of common people towards the real truth through his couplets.
He always objected the ritualistic and ascetic methods as a means of salvation. He said that goodness’s ruby has more value than the mines of ruby. According to him, the one’s heart with goodness includes all the prosperity of whole world. A person with mercy has strength, forgiveness has real existence of him, and individual with righteousness can easily attained the never-ending life. He said that the God is in your heart and ever with you, so offer inward worship to him. He had opened the mind of common people by one of his example that, if the traveler is not able to walk; what can the road do for traveler.
He opened the deep eyes of the people and taught them genuine lessen of humanity, morality and spirituality. He was a follower and promoter of the ahimsa. He had turned the people mind of his period through his revolutionary preach. There is no real proof and clue about his birth and family, some say he was from a Muslim family; some say he was from high class Brahmin family. There was some disagreement among people related to the Muslim and Hindu about the funeral system after his death. His life history is legendary and still teaches the human beings a real humanity.
Religion of Kabir Das
According to the Kabir Das, real religion is a way of life the people live it and not made by the people own. According to him the work is worship and responsibility is like religion. He said that live your life, do responsibilities and do hard work to make your life eternal. Never go away from the responsibilities of the life like having Sanyasa. He appreciated and valued the family life which is the real meaning of life. It is also mentioned in the Vedas that living life by leaving home and responsibilities is not the real dharma. Living as a householder is also a great and real Sanyasa. Just like, Nirguna sadhus who live a family life, work hard for their daily routine bread as well as chant the name of God.
He has given the people an authentic fact about what is the religion of human beings the one should have. Such preaches of him has helped the common people to understand the mystery of life very easily.
Kabir Das: A Hindu or A Muslim
It is considered that after the death of Kabir Das, Hindus and Muslims had claimed for getting the dead body of Kabir Das. Both of them wanted to do the funeral of dead body of the Kabir Das according to their own customs and traditions. Hindus stated that they want to burn the body as he was a Hindu and Muslims said that they want to bury under the Mohammedan rites as he was a Muslim.
But, when they removed the sheet from the dead body they found only some flowers at that place. They distributed the flower between each other and completed the funeral according to their own traditions and customs. It is also considered that when they were fighting, the spirit of Kabir das came to them and said that, “I was neither a Hindu nor a Mohammedan. I was both. I was nothing. I was all. I discern God in both. There is no Hindu and no Mussalman. To him who is free from delusion, Hindu and Mussalman are the same. Remove the shroud and behold the miracle!”
A temple of Kabir Das is made at the Kabir Chaura in the Kashi which has now become the great pilgrimage place for the people all over India as well as outside India. And a mosque of him was built by the Muslims over the grave which has become the pilgrimage for Mohammedans.
God of Kabir Das
His Guru Ramanand has given him the name of Lord Rama as a guru-mantra which he had interpreted in his own way. He was devoted to the Nirguna Bhakti and not to the Saguna Bhakti like his Guru. His Rama was an absolute pure Satchitananda, not the son of Dasharatha or king of Ayodhya as he said “Dasaratha ke ghar na janmey, yee chal Maya keenha.” He was greatly influenced by the Buddhas and the Siddhas over Islamic tradition. According to him, “Nirguna Nama japahu rey Bhaiya, Avigati Ki gati Lakhi Na Jaiya.”
He never differentiate between the Allah and Rama, he always preached to the people that these are only different names of one God. He said that there should be a religion of love and brotherhood among people without any high or low class or caste. Devote and surrender yourself towards the God who has no religion or caste. He always believed in the Karma of life.
Death of Kabir Das
Kabir Das, a Sufi poet of 15th century, it is believed that he had chosen his own place of death, Magahar, which is located about 240 km away from Lucknow. He has chosen this place to die in order to remove the fairy tale (myth) from the people mind. Those days, it was considered that the one who takes his last breathes and die in the region of Magahar, would never get place in heaven as well as take birth of donkey in the next life.
Kabir Das died in Magahar instead of Kashi just because of breaking the myths and superstitions of people. According to Hindu calendar in Vikram Samvat 1575, he left the world in the Maghar in the month of Januanry in the year 1518 at Magh Shukl Ekadashi. It is also believed that the one who die in Kashi, go to the heaven directly that’s why Hindu people go to the Kashi during their last time and wait for death in order to attain the salvation. Kabir Das died out of the Kashi to demolish the myth. His one of the famous saying related to this is “jo kabira Kashi mue to rame kaun nihora” means if there is a simple way to go to heaven just by dying in Kashi then what is the necessity of worshipping God.
The teachings of the Kabir Das are universal and equal to all as he never differentiate among Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus and others of different religions. There is a mazar and samadhi of the Kabir Das in the Magahar. After his death his followers of Hindu and Muslim religion fight for the funeral of his body. But when they remove out the sheet from the dead body they only found some flowers taking which they completed the funeral according to their own customs and traditions.
There is cave few meters away from the Samadhi indicates his meditation place before death. There is running trust named Kabir Shodh Sansthan which works as a research foundation in order to promote the research on Kabir Das works. There are running educational institutions as well which includes the teachings of Kabir Das.
Kabir Das: A Mystic Poet
A great mystic poet, Kabir Das, is one of the leading spiritual poets in Indian who has given his philosophical ideas to promote the lives of people. His philosophy of oneness in God and Karma as a real Dharma has changed the mind of people towards goodness. His love and devotion towards the God fulfill the concept of both Hindu Bhakti and Muslim Sufi.
It is considered that he was from the Hindu Brahmin family but espoused by the Muslim weavers without child, Niru and Nimma. He was founded by them into the pond of Lahartara (in Kashi) lying at a huge lotus leaf. At that time there was a lot of disagreement between orthodox Hindu and Muslim people which was the main focus of Kabir Das to resolve that issue by his dohas or couplets.
Professionally he never attended classes but he was very knowledgeable and mystic person. He wrote his couplets and dohas in the formal language which was greatly spoken at that time which includes the Braj, Avadhi and Bhojpuri as well. He wrote a lot of dohas, couplets and books of stories based on the social barriers.
Works of Kabir Das
The books written by the Kabir Das are generally the collections of dohas and songs. The total works are seventy two including some of the important and well known works are Rekhtas, Kabir Bijak, the Suknidhan, Mangal, Vasant, Sabdas, Sakhis and Holy Agams.
The writing style and language of the Kabir Das is very simple and beautiful. He had written his dohas very boldly and naturally which are full of meanings and significance. He wrote from the depth of his heart. He has compressed the sense of whole world in his simple dohas and couplet. His sayings are beyond compare and inspiring.
Birth Place of Kabir Das
It is the great pond where Saint Kabir was found by the Neeru and Neema. It is located at the Saint Kabir Math Lahartara in the Kashi.
It is the Saint Kabir Math located in the Lahartara Varanasi. What a great building of the peace and real education. Saints from all over the world come here to get the real education.
Kabir Das ke Dohe
Jab Mein Tha Tab Hari Nahin‚ Ab Hari Hai Mein Nahin,
Sab Andhiyara Mit Gaya‚ Jab Deepak Dekhya Mahin
Bada hua to kya hua, jaise ped khajoor
Panthi ko chhaya nahi, phal laage ati door
Bura jo dekhan mein chala, bura na milaya koye
Jo man dekha aapna, mujhse bura na koye
Guru govind dohu khade, kake lagu paanye
Balihari guru aapne govind diyo bataye
Sab dharti kagaj karu, lekhni sab banray
Saat samunder ki masi karu, gurugun likha na jaaye
aisi vani boliye, man ka aapa khoye
auran ko sheetal kare, aaphu sheetal hoye
Nindak nihare rakhiye, aangan kuti chhaway
Bin pani bin sabun, nirmal kare subhav
Bura jo dekhan mein chala, bura na milaya koye
Jo man dekha aapna, mujhse bura na koye
Dukh mein sumiran sab kare, sukh mein kare na koye
Jo sukh mein sumiran kare, to dukh kahe ko hoye
Maati kahe kumhar se, tu kya rondhe mohe
Ek din aisa aayega, mein rondhugi tohe
Chalti chakki dekh kar, diya kabira roye
Do paatan ke bich mein, sabut bacha na koye
Malin aavat dekh ke, kaliyan kare pukar
Phoole phoole chun liye, kaal humari baar
Kaal kare so aaj kar, aaj kare so ab
Pal mein pralaya hoyegi, bahuri karega kab
Pothi padh padh jag muya, pandit bhaya na koye
Dhai akshar prem ka, padhe so pandit hoye
Sai itna deejiye, ja mein kutumb samaye
mein bhi bhookha na rahu, sadhu na bhookha jaye
Loot sake to loot le, ram naam ki loot
Paache pachhtayega, jab pran jayenge chhoot
Maya mari na man mara, mar mar gaye sarir
Asha trishna na mari, keh gaye das kabir
It is place where Saint Kabir was used to do the meditation and Bhakti Sadhana.
Kabir Das Quotes in English
I am an Entrepreneur, a responsible mother of two, a good housewife and a hard working woman. I totally believe in hard work as where I am just because of that. It’s my great passion to be busy in my all time. I respect a person who is disciplined and respect others.